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THE RICH BIODIVERSITY
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Similipal is the abode of 96 species of orchids & about 3000 species of other plants. These include 2 species of orchids one endemic, 8 plants are endangered, 8 species are vulnerable & 34 other rare species of plants as well.

There are 55 species of mammals, 304 species of birds, 20 species of amphibians, 62 species of reptiles & 37 species of fishes in Similipal which collectively highlight the Biodiversity richness of Similipal. Similipal is also abode of very rare black & melanistic tiger.

TRIBES

Kharias, a primitive tribe subsist inside the sanctuary. Kharias are original inhabitant of Similipal hills. They are supposed to be originated from Dravidian family. The other common tribes are Gonda, Santhal, Bhumija, Bathudi, Kolha, Mankadia, Munda etc.

RESEARCH & PROJECTS

The first Field - Director Late Saroj Raj Chowdhury carried out extensive pioneering research during the period of 1973 - 1982 where he studied closely a famous pet tigress - Khairi. Later a Research office was posted in 1987 to study various aspects of Similipal.

MUGGER - CROCODILE PROJECT

The crocodile project at Ramtirtha, Jashipore operates on the principle of 'grow & release'. Thus, so far nearly 650 mugger juveniles released in the streams of Similipal & sighting of muggers has increased.

MAYURBHANJ ELEPHANT RESERVE

The Similipal - Kuldiha - Hadgarh elephant Reserve popularly known as Mayurbhanj Elephant Reserve which was announced in 2001, comprising an area of 7043.04 SQKms, covering three protected areas i.e. Similipal Tiger Reserve, Kuldiha wildlife sanctuary & Hadgarh wildlife sanctuary.